Bitterroot Star Masthead
The Bitterroot Valley's only locally owned newspaper


Volume XX, Number 28

Valley Info

Wednesday, February 9, 2005


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Valley News at a Glance


Snowpack situation worsens in January

Host families needed

Integrated Water Quality Report now available

Substance protects resilient staph bacteria

Library board positions open

Llama sanctuary volunteers needed

4-H members, leaders educate legislators

Legislative Report No. 5
Legislators seek help for low-income elderly

Legislative Digest

Obituaries




Snowpack situation worsens in January

January was a record breaking month. Record low snow water contents and high overnight temperatures were monitored at several SNOTEL sites. These automated snow and climate monitoring sites are maintained by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to provide information that is crucial in the day-to-day decisions made by Montana's water managers.

During the chinook event of January 18-21, the snowpack melted out completely at several low elevation sites and more than an inch of water melted out of the snowpack at some mountain sites. Additionally, a number of mountain sites in northwest and north central Montana received more than an inch of rain, while some got more than two inches. January mountain precipitation was 59 percent of average. Valley temperatures across central and southeast Montana were 22 to 27 degrees above average during the chinook event.

"The chinook and rains that came in late January are a lot of the reason that snowpack is so low right now," said Roy Kaiser, NRCS water supply specialist. "In addition, we haven't gotten the storms that usually keep snowpack at normal levels."

On February 1, statewide mountain snowpack was recorded at 63 percent of average and 63 percent of last year. West of the Continental Divide, snowpack was 57 percent of average and 56 percent of last year. East of the Continental Divide, snowpack was 70 percent of average and 75 percent of last year. The Bitterroot River basin was recorded at 54 percent of average and 52 percent of last year.

In several basins, record low snowpack levels were recorded during January. The following is a list of records set for the month.

The drainages of the Smith-Judith-Musselshell, Upper Yellowstone, and Lower Yellowstone had the fourth lowest basin snowpack levels of record.

The Flathead and Jefferson drainages had the third lowest snowpack levels of record.

The Upper Clark Fork, Lower Clark Fork and Headwaters Mainstem had the second lowest snowpack levels of record.

The Sun-Teton-Marias and Bearpaw Mountains drainages set new record lows for snowpack.

Assuming normal precipitation across Montana, streamflows are forecast to average 51 to 64 percent. West of the Continental Divide, streamflows are forecast to average 52 to 60 percent. East of the Continental Divide, streamflows are forecast to average 49 to 65 percent. Streamflow forecasts are expected to be much lower than those forecasted on Feb. 1, 2004.

For more information about SNOTEL data, contact your local NRCS field office or visit the NRCS snow survey website at www.mt.nrcs.usda.gov.



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Host families needed

NW Services is looking for 55 caring Montana families to host high school students from various countries for the 2005-2006 school year. The students are 15-18 years of age and will begin arriving in August to spend the upcoming school year with a caring family while attending your local high school.

There is no such thing as a typical host family. Whether you are a single parent, retired, have small children, teens, or no children, you can have a great experience hosting an international teen.

The students are prescreened; speak English, and looking forward to learning about our culture while teaching you about their culture and country. They have medical insurance and their own spending money to cover such things as clothing, school supplies, and entertainment. Host families are not paid but may be able to claim a $50 per month charitable contribution on their income tax.

All that these students require is a bed, meals and a caring family to share their 10-month stay with in our beautiful country.

Call NW Services, 1-866-846-3977, for more information.



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Integrated Water Quality Report now available

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved Montana's 2004 Integrated Water Quality Report, which was submitted by the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). The 2004 draft report is now available the general public.

The report combines the 303(d) list, which includes a list of Montana water bodies that are impaired and in need of water quality restoration as well as a water quality atlas, known as the 305(b) report, which provides a summary of state water quality information.

"This data is critical to the DEQ and to local watershed groups and conservation districts as we all work to bring these impaired waters back to their designated uses," said DEQ Director Richard Opper. "I encourage anyone living near these water bodies to get involved in their local restoration efforts."

The 2004 report contains the list of impaired waters, changes in assessment information for waters already on the list, and changes to the schedule for preparing total maximum daily loads or TMDLs. A TMDL is the total amount of a pollutant that a water body may receive from all sources without exceeding water quality standards.

The public has several options if they wish to review the final 2004 report. The material the DEQ submitted to the EPA consisted of the final report, electronic database and computer map files. These materials available at DEQ's official site for obtaining 305(b) and 303(d) related water quality information: http://nris.state.mt.us/wis/environet under "Enter Water Quality Reports." Hard copies of the report are also available at libraries across the state of Montana.

If you wish to obtain a hard copy of the report, or have problems accessing the report via the Internet, or the libraries listed, contact the Montana Integrated Report Coordinator, Staci Stolp, at (406) 444-3409, sstolp@mt.gov. Alternative accessible versions of the report will be made available to persons with disabilities upon request.



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Substance protects resilient staph bacteria

Researchers have identified a promising new target in their fight against a dangerous bacterium that sickens people in hospitals, especially people who receive medical implants such as catheters, artificial joints and heart valves.

A substance found on the surface of Staphylococcus epidermidis has, for the first time, been shown to protect the harmful pathogen from natural human defense mechanisms that would otherwise kill the bacteria, according to scientists at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML), part of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health.

S. epidermidis is one of several hard-to-treat infectious agents that can be transmitted to patients in hospitals via contaminated medical implants. The new report concludes that the substance--known as poly-gamma-DL-glutamic acid, or PGA--must be present for S. epidermidis to survive on medical implants. S. epidermidis infections are rarely fatal but can lead to serious conditions such as sepsis (widespread toxic infection) and endocarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves).

Because of the ability of PGA to promote resistance to innate immune defenses, learning more about the protein could lead to new treatments for S. epidermidis and related Staphylococcal pathogens that also produce PGA, according to the RML scientists. In addition, they also are hoping that similar research under way elsewhere on Bacillus anthracis--the infectious agent of anthrax, which also produces PGA--will complement their work.

The report of the study, led by Michael Otto, Ph.D., will appear in the March edition of The Journal of Clinical Investigation and is now available online. Collaborators, all scientists at RML in Hamilton, include Stanislava Kocianova, Ph.D.; Cuong Vuong, Ph.D.; Yufeng Yao, Ph.D.; Jovanka Voyich, Ph.D.; Elizabeth Fischer, M.A.; and Frank DeLeo, Ph.D.

"Nosocomial, or hospital-acquired, infections are a worrisome public health problem made worse by the increase in antibiotic resistance," says NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "This research has initiated a promising new approach that could result in the development of better ways to prevent the spread of many different staph infections that can be acquired in health care settings."

The PGA discoveries came during Dr. Otto's research of how Staphylococcal bacteria biofilms contribute to evading human immune defenses. Biofilms are protective cell-surface structures. Biofilm formation does not depend on PGA, but other research in Dr. Otto's laboratory has indicated that PGA production is greater when a biofilm is present. Further, Dr. Otto says all 74 strains of S. epidermidis that his group tested also produced PGA, as did six other genetically related Staphylococcus pathogens. "This could be very important to vaccine development because the PGA is present in every strain of the organism," Dr. Otto says. "If a vaccine can be developed to negate the effect of the PGA, it could be highly successful against all pathogens in which PGA is a basis for disease development, such as Staph and anthrax."

The group used genetic and biochemical analyses to show that PGA is produced in S. epidermidis. They then used three S. epidermidis strains--one natural, one altered to eliminate PGA production and one altered to produce excess PGA--to show that PGA protects S. epidermidis from innate immune defense, human antibiotic compounds and salt concentrations similar to levels found on human skin. Dr. Otto's group also used mice fitted with catheters to demonstrate that the S. epidermidis strain deficient of PGA was not able to cause infection while the other strains containing PGA did.

NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIAID supports basic and applied research to prevent, diagnose and treat infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, influenza, tuberculosis, malaria and illness from potential agents of bioterrorism. NIAID also supports research on transplantation and immune-related illnesses, including autoimmune disorders, asthma and allergies.



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Library board positions open

The newly-formed North Valley Public Library District has five positions open on the board. Candidates must live in the district, which comprises the geographic area of the Stevensville and Lone Rock School Districts. The filing deadline for the five board seats, the terms of which range from one year to five years, is February 17. If interested in serving on this volunteer board, contact David Anderson at 360-9723 or the library at 777-5061.



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Llama sanctuary volunteers needed

Safe Haven Llama and Alpaca Sanctuary needs people to walk llamas, beginning in March. Also, help is needed with fundraising, pasture and barn cleanup, fence staining in spring, and sorting and cleaning wool. Alpaca and llama sponsorships are also available on a monthly, yearly or one-time basis. Now¹s the time to schedule school and group farm visits and learn about these wonderful animals. If you have any arts or crafts you¹d like to donate for sale, or consign for the gift shop, contact Char at 961-4027. It will soon be llama trek time and llamas will be available to rent for your daytime hikes.



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4-H members, leaders educate legislators

The Ravalli County 4H program was represented by 20 members and six leaders at the 10th Biannual 4H Legislative Breakfast in Helena on January 18. The delegation from Ravalli County included members Kerensa Loucks, State Ambassador; Jenny Wallace, Senior Ambassador; Megan Baker, Ty Curry-Hall, Patrick DeNitto, Sarah DeNitto, Alayna Kinney, Danica Loucks, Traci Martens, Josh Marquardt, Rob Nicholson, Ceara Nicholson, Emily Schwartz, Daniel Wight, Hannah Wight, Jacob Wight, Sarah Wight, Megan Wilson and Katelin Yuhas. The adult volunteers were Gregg and Laura DeNitto, Alison Kinney, Eve Wight, Margaret Yuhas and Peg Andersen. The Breakfast is sponsored by Montanans for 4H, an all-volunteer group of concerned citizens. As in previous sessions, the 4H Breakfast is one of the best attended in Helena. This year 80 percent of the legislators attended the breakfast to learn firsthand about the 4H program. The legislators from Ravalli County who attended were Senators Rick Laible and Jim Shockley and Representatives Bob Lake, Gary MacLaren and Ron Stoker. Rep. Ray Hawk was unable to attend, but introduced the delegation from the floor of the House.

Organized around the theme of "United We Grow," this year's Breakfast showcased presentations of 4H members as well as by adult 4H alumni about the impact of 4H from them in the fields of agriculture, technology and public service. As an educational program open to all youth, 4H members highlighted the ways that as a state we are better off with programs like 4H. A highlight of the Breakfast was the appearance and speech by Governor Brian Schweitzer.

During the Breakfast, 4H youth and adult volunteers informed legislators about the importance the program plays in their lives and what they have learned as a result of their participation in the 4H program.

4H is a community of young people and adults across the country, learning leadership, citizenship and life skills. 4H is the largest out-of-school educational program in the state, with programs in every county, annually involving more than 28,000 youth and over 4,000 adult volunteers. 4H is open to any youth ages 6-19 years of age and offers more than 200 hands-on projects and activities. 4H is part of the Montana State University Extension Service.



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Legislative Report No. 5
Legislators seek help for low-income elderly

By Kristen Inbody, Community News Service, UM School of Journalism

Helena - Last week, Sen. Don Ryan, D-Great Falls, bought his first pack of cigarettes. He held the pack ­ still unsmoked ­ and asked if buying tobacco is the only way to support health care programs for the elderly.

"We cannot rely on this product right here," he said, waving the Camel cigarettes at the Senate Taxation Committee. "It's a declining revenue source."

With Initiative 149, voters tacked an extra dollar onto the price of a pack of cigarettes to discourage smoking and to raise money for senior and children's medical funds.

Ryan hopes the Legislature will add a similar tax ­ though much smaller ­ to cans of pop. His proposed "Nickel a Pop for Mom and Pop" campaign would add a 5-cent tax on 12-ounce containers of carbonated beverages to raise money for senior programs, establish a long-term senior care trust and fund scholarships for Montana students.

It's just one in an array of bills this session that aim to help Montana's elderly. Another key bill would freeze property values for people older than 65. But with a budget surplus and a planned 3 percent increase in spending for aging services, both bills face tough opposition.

Ryan said his Senate Bill 332 would establish the pop tax to boost programs such as Meals on Wheels and home care for low-income seniors. It would also help Montana brace for the looming retirement of the baby boomer generation, he added.

The tax would raise an estimated $30 million a year, money desperately needed for senior programs already underserved in this state, seniors told the committee last week.

The trust fund could be spent when seniors make up a larger percent of the population, Ryan said. Meanwhile, he added, the scholarships the bill establishes would help keep more youngsters in the state.

"We have to help those people stay in Montana to build a tax base in Montana," Ryan said. "This is part of a long-term solution for economic development for young people and for senior care."

Despite Gov. Brian Schweitzer's no-new-taxes pledge, Rep. Christine Kaufmann, D-Helena, said the pop tax has a shot because of pressure from seniors. She said the bill is in the same spirit as the tobacco tax, which passed by a huge margin.

"Pop is a luxury," she said. "It's not something people need, so people have the option to avoid the tax."

But opponents, led by Sen. Rick Laible, R-Victor, said it's the ones least able to pay ­ young families ­ who would be affected most.

Laible, who said he spends less than $2 a year on pop, argued that the bill is bad tax policy.

"The pop tax is a target tax. Can you imagine if we had a tax on left-handed people?" he said. "The right-handed people would say, tax the hell out of them for what we want."

For Laible, that's the problem with the tobacco tax, too. Sixty-three percent of voters supported the price hike, roughly the percentage of nonsmokers, he said.

The tax is discriminatory, said Riley Johnson, representing the National Federation of Independent Business. "Why are we picking soda pop? Why not a nickel on a bushel of wheat or board feet of lumber?"

Though tobacco is taxed because it causes illness, Ryan said pop ­ not exactly a healthy drink ­ was chosen because it is an easily identifiable product.

Representatives of the soft drink industry panned the bill, predicting it would hurt sales and those who depend on the industry to pay their bills.

Soda sales have slumped over the past three years, said Dennis Anderson of Missoula's Coca-Cola Enterprises. He said Coke's 225 employees in Montana face the same rising health care costs that seniors do.

That argument was lost on Sen. Jim Elliott, D-Trout Creek and chairman of the Senate Taxation Committee, who said businesses that complain about discriminatory taxation seem to have had no problem accepting special tax cuts in recent years.

"I see a great need amongst these people," Elliott said of Montana's elderly. "I see a Legislature that has struggled with helping people in need but at the same time reduces taxes on business equipment $100 million a year."

But Rep. Bob Lake, a member of the House Taxation Committee, said he voted against the pop tax last session and plans to do so again. The Hamilton Republican said the tax would be a nightmare to administer.

"If it doesn't include everything you consume as a refreshing beverage, I'm not sure it even follows our equal protection laws. It's very poor policy no matter how noble the direction is," he said. "People would be better off with a general sales tax instead of a bunch of selective sales taxes."

Lake said the measure could merely drive consumers from Pepsi to Snapple, a noncarbonated drink that would not be taxed.

As the debate over a pop tax bubbles, legislators are also considering ways to help elderly, fixed-income Montanans keep up with rising property taxes.

House Bill 221, sponsored by Rep. Bill Jones, R-Bigfork, would ask voters to amend the state Constitution to freeze the valuation of property owned by those older than 65. To pass, 100 of the Legislature's 150 lawmakers would have to support it, and then it would go on the ballot.

Supporters say the bill would help the elderly stay in their homes in areas such as the Flathead Valley where property values are soaring.

But opponents say the proposed tax freeze would just shift costs from elderly homeowners to the rest of the taxpayers.

"I don't like that," said House Taxation Committee member Rep. Gary Branae, D-Billings.

Meanwhile, the committee working on state Department of Public Health and Human Services funding is voting this week on how much money to give the program for low-income seniors. The department was hit hard by the budget deficit last session and had to patch together funding from a variety of sources to maintain services for low-income seniors.

The committee will likely stick with the 3-percent increase in senior and long-term care recommended by the governor, said committee member Sen. John Cobb, R-Augusta.

For the coming biennium, the department would like to take 80 people off the senior home and community care waiting list with general fund money and provide for another 20 with I-149 money.

Kelly Williams, of the state Health Department's Long-term and Senior Care Division, said the agency provided 1,700 people with assisted home living last year, which is a cheaper alternative to nursing homes. More than 400 people are on the waiting list.

While reducing the wait is emerging as a dominant goal of the appropriations subcommittee, it would take $9 million a year to cover everyone currently on the list, Cobb said, adding that there would still be a waiting list next session.

The state has to strike a balance between caring for the elderly and caring for children, he said.

"Kids are pretty cheap," Cobb said. "You can do a lot of kids for one senior."

It costs about $1,100 a year to cover a child's medical costs, he said. The average senior in agency programs costs $20,000 to $30,000.

"At some point, someone has to say that's all we can spend," Cobb said, adding that this may actually prove to be a more difficult budget year because it's harder to say no when people's lives are on the line and the state has money.



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Legislative Digest

By Kristen Inbody, Community News Service, UM School of Journalism

ETHANOL DEBATE BEGINS - Dutton farmer Kenneth Michel urged the Senate Transportation Committee to save Montana's rural communities from the plague of cheap wheat prices.

"We all know our rural communities are dying because of the low price of grain," he testified. "Our children are not returning to farms."

Sen. Jerry Black's ethanol bill would eventually require that most gas sold in Montana contain 10 percent ethanol. The Shelby Republican pitched Senate Bill 293 as a jobs bill and as a means to boost the market for grain, the main ingredient in ethanol.

"This is what people in Montana want to see - more jobs and a better economy," Black said.

Opponents decried it as market interference that would damage the petroleum industry and hurt consumers with higher prices at the pump.

"I'm not embarrassed, and I'm not going to apologize for defending our industry," said Gail Abercrombie of the Montana Petroleum Association. "You would be taking away 10 percent of our market and giving it to another industry."

She said the only way an ethanol industry would work is to require Montanans to buy it, which is a solution she philosophically opposes.

"Are you going to mandate it or are you going to let the marketplace work?" she asked.

Committee member Sen. Vicki Cocchiarella, D-Missoula, likened the promises of ethanol to the broken promises of energy deregulation.

"I don't want to take another leap of faith that causes something to happen to the people who have their hearts in the promise," she said.

BEST AND BRIGHTEST - Urging the House Education Committee to support Gov. Brian Schweitzer's "Best and Brightest" scholarship program, high school and college students said tuition is a major burden.

"My No. 1 fear ­ besides speaking to you right now ­ is going to college and not having enough money," testified Debbie Bjerke, student body vice-president at Jefferson High School in Boulder.

House Bill 435 outlines the program, which would provide 970 new $1,000 and $2,000 scholarships to Montana students to attend the state's public universities and two-year colleges. It would increase the state's financial aid to students 83 percent, from $3.6 million to $6.6 million.

Schweitzer told the committee that the brightest students are the ones most likely to leave the state for lower-priced education in neighboring states.

North Dakota has been particularly aggressive in recruiting Montana students, said MSU President Geoff Gamble.

Several parents whose children are home-schooled or in non-accredited private schools said the bill unfairly excludes their children.

Committee member Rep. Roger Koopman, R-Bozeman, said the measure could be criticized as elitist.

"Best and brightest," he said. "What about the worst and the dumbest?"

Sheila Stearns, Montana's commissioner of higher education, said the bill tries to strike a middle ground with needs-based and merit-based scholarships.

TAX BREAKS FOR HEALTH CARE? - Sen. Jon Ellingson, D-Missoula, has introduced a measure to help tackle the problem of costly health care and the rising numbers of uninsured - now about 180,000 Montanans.

Senate Bill 303 would allow patients to deduct medical expenses from their state income tax. It would cost the state about $6 million a year if implemented.

Ellingson told the Senate taxation committee his plan would be a stopgap until there is enough political will to tackle comprehensive health care reform.

"The magnitude of the problem which faces us here in Montana is so enormous we don't begin to have the resources to address it," Ellingson said.

Sen. Robert Story, R-Park City, suggested the money would be better spent on Medicaid so the federal government would provide matching funds.

Ellingson said his bill would help those who don't quite reach the safety nets but are only one medical catastrophe from bankruptcy.

THE ETHICS BOWL - Gov. Brian Schweitzer used a football analogy to make his case last week for tightening state ethics laws.

Reminding the House State Administration Committee they were all invited to his Super Bowl party, Schweitzer painted a verbal picture of Tom Brady scrambling in a third-down situation and opting for a quarterback keeper until at the last second he sees someone open in the end zone.

He tosses the ball 50 yards and the referee rules it's a New England Patriots touchdown, but the millions watching the game see Brady clearly violated the rules by crossing the line of scrimmage.

Upon review, the ref rules the touchdown stands, and New England goes on to win by five points, Schweitzer said. "Then on Monday morning the New England Patriots announce they have a new person in the office. It's the referee!"

Schweitzer likened that to a state legislator or administrator taking a lobbying job right after serving in office.

House Bill 383, sponsored by Rep. Dave Wanzenried, D-Missoula, would prevent legislators from taking a job as a lobbyist the first session they're out of office.

Wanzenried had no example where this had been a problem and called it a preventative measure.

Committee member Rep. Joan Andersen, R-Fromberg, noted that former legislators lobby for children's groups and the mentally ill, not just industry.

Northwestern Energy lobbyist Ron Devlin objected to the bill, saying that being a lobbyist allows him to continue serving the people back home in Terry even though he lost the last primary.

"I certainly wouldn't blow a call, forsake the people back home, because my employers said to," Devlin said.

GRADUATED LICENSES - The Senate approved 41-8 a bill that would put new restrictions on teen drivers.

Sen. Kim Gillan, Senate Bill 104's sponsor, said Montana is a dangerous place for teenage drivers and those who share the road with them.

"It's time for Montana to get serious about highway safety," the Billings Democrat said.

Under the bill, teens in their first six months behind the wheel would not be allowed to drive with more than one other person younger than 18, except for siblings. During the next six months, passengers would be limited to no more than three under age 18.

For a full year, the newly licensed teen would not be able to drive between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m., save to work and school or church activities.

Montana and Wyoming are the only states without graduated driver's licenses. Other states have found a significant drop in the number of teen road fatalities with legislation that gives them more time to practice driving before gaining full driving privileges.

Several senators who had voted against the measure since it was first proposed in 1999 supported it this round.

Sen. Dan McGee, R-Laurel, who led the charge against the bill in 1999, said regulating a teen's driving is the parents' responsibility and that the speed teenagers drive is an important factor the bill fails to address.

However, he said, it's important to recognize teen drivers affect more than themselves.

MINIMUM WAGE - By a vote of 30-20, the Senate passed Senate Bill 78 to raise Montana's minimum wage from $5.15 to $6.25.

"The issue in this case is do we value human labor, human life, sufficiently to make sure they get a fair shake, a fair day's wage," said Sen. Jim Elliott, D-Trout Creek. He said that the market forces that bill opponents argued should be allowed to set wages are the same forces that are driving up housing prices and the cost of electricity - but not wages.

"Where are the market forces on wages?" he said. "What are we going to do for the people who work their butts off to keep their kids in food and clothing?"

Several Republicans spoke in opposition to the measure, saying it would have unintended consequences and would hurt the poor and damage the economy.

Sen. Jerry O'Neill, R-Columbia Falls, said the minimum wage increase would be racist, hurting American Indians. He said that 60 percent of the people on reservations are unemployed and would now have to find an employer willing to pay $6.25 an hour.

"We think we can go home and pat ourselves on the back thinking we gave people more money but it's going to hurt those who have trouble getting a job already," O¹Neill said.

The measure now moves to the House.



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Births

Births at Marcus Daly Hospital, Hamilton

1-25-05
Boy, 7 lbs., 1 oz., 19-3/4 inches, to Amber Lastella, Corvallis


1-26-05
Girl, 7 lbs., 3 oz., 19 inches, to Dew Goodwin and Lisa Anderson, Darby.


1-30-05
Girl, 7 lbs., 14 oz., 20-1/2 inches, to Dawn Lindsay, Victor.



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Obituaries

Alice J. Day

Alice J. Day, 79, of Stevensville died in an automobile accident near Florence on Wednesday, February 2, 2005, her 59th wedding anniversary.

She was the eldest of four children. Alice was born on August 3, 1925, at Ucon near Idaho Falls, Idaho to Maiben S. and E. Leda (Sayer) Jones. She was later joined by brother M. Duane, sister L. Jeanenne, and brother David M.

Alice spent her early life in Bone, Ammon and Idaho Falls. She graduated from Ammon High School in 1943 and later attended the School of Nursing in Salt Lake City.

In 1946 she married Harry S. Day, who was also from the Bone and Ammon area. The couple lived in the Idaho Falls area until 1951; at that time they moved to Stevensville. She spent the remainder of her life in the Bitterroot Valley.

Alice was a member of the Bitter Root Cow Belles and was a life-long active member of the Stevensville Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

She was preceded in death by her parents; sons Dallas J. Day, 1971 and Steven R. Day, 1983; her husband, Harry S. Day, 1981; a brother, David M. Jones and a son-in-law, Gordon Levandoske, 2002.

Alice is survived by her brother, M. Duane Jones of Idaho Falls; sister Jeanenne Murdock of Ogden, UT; her son Dennis (Joy) Day of Twin Bridges; daughters Cody (Stuart) Foster of Spokane and Kelly Levandoske (David Golay) of Stevensville; and Bett and (Lyle) Thompson, also of Stevensville. Also surviving are eight grandchildren and five great grandchildren.

Funeral services were conducted at the Stevensville LDS Church on Monday, February 7. Burial followed at the Victor Cemetery.

Should friends desire, memorials are asked to the charity of the donor's Choice.

The Whitesitt Funeral Home of Stevensville is in charge of arrangements.


Jeanne M. Dunkin

Jeanne M. Dunkin, 65, of Victor, passed away early in the morning, due to natural causes, Saturday, January 29, at the Marcus Daly Memorial Hospital in Hamilton.

Jeanne was born November 3, 1939, to the late Walter Charles and Avis Maxine (Barber) Grubb in Sheridan, Wyoming. She loved to bowl, play the organ, gardening, sewing and crafts, fishing and boating, and spending time with her grandchildren. Jeanne spent most of her life working as a housing manager in Wyoming, Washington and Montana.

She was preceded in death by her parents, Tracy Lane Ritchie, and brother Walter Harvey Grubb.

She is survived by her loving husband Wayne Dunkin in Victor, son Kelly Riley and wife Mary; grandchildren Serena and Kaleb Riley all of Missoula, twin sister Jeannette Barton of Sheridan, Wyoming, sister Marilyn White from Spring, Texas, brother Robert Grubb from Oregon, stepdaughters Shari, Robin and Kim from Washington and Alaska, several nieces, nephews, and beloved pets.

A private family graveside service was held Wednesday, February 2 at the Dunkin Cemetery in Victor.

Services are entrusted to the care and direction of Ronald Brothers of Dowling Funeral Home and Crematory in Hamilton.



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